Bihar Jati Janganana: Despite opposition till the Supreme Court, due to the unity of political parties, caste based counting of every person has now been completed in Bihar. In the report released by the Bihar government, the religion and number of people of each caste has been given. That means the numerical strength has been completely wiped out. Based on the survey conducted in the state of Bihar, the population of entire Bihar is 13 crore 7 lakh 25 thousand 310. In this, the number of people living outside Bihar is 53 lakh 72 thousand 22. The total population of people living in Bihar state is said to be 12 crore 53 lakh 53 thousand 288. Extremely Backward Class is the largest social class in Bihar, constituting 36 percent of the total population, followed by Other Backward Classes which is 27.13 percent. Both groups together constitute 63 percent of the state’s total population.
caste census survey report
According to the data released by the Bihar government, the population consists of Hindus 81.99 percent, Muslims 17.7 percent, Christians 0.05 percent, Sikhs 0.01 percent, Buddhists 0.08 percent and people of other religions 0.12 percent. The caste survey states that Kushwaha and Kurmi communities constitute 4.27 per cent and 2.87 per cent of the population. At the same time, the percentage of Scheduled Caste number is 19.65, Kushwaha caste number is 4.21 percent, Rajput number is 3.41 percent, OBC number is 36.01 percent and Backward Class number is 27.12 percent.
Who has how much influence?
According to the caste survey report released by Bihar government, Brahmin 3.65 percent (4781280), Rajput 3.45 percent, Kayastha 0.60 percent, Kurmi 2.87 percent, Kushwaha 4.27 percent, Teli 2.8131 percent, Bhumihar 2.89 percent, Dhanuk 2.13 percent, Goldsmith 0.68 percent, Potter is 1.04 percent, carpenter is 1.45 percent, Yadav is 14.26 percent and barber is 1.59 percent, Musahar is 3.08 percent. Let us tell you that the first phase of caste census in Bihar was started on 7 January. First of all, houses were counted in it. After that, in the second phase, data like number of families, housing, income were collected.
Challenge was given in Supreme Court
The Nitish government had ordered the survey last year after the Narendra Modi government at the Center had made it clear that it would not be able to count castes other than SCs and STs as part of the census. The BJP had accused the state government of escalating caste tension and using the survey to score political points in the 2024 Lok Sabha elections and the state assembly elections in 2025. This move was challenged in both the Bihar High Court and the Supreme Court. The Center had argued in the Supreme Court that only the Central Government has the right to conduct census or any other census-like action.