Zika virus: Many such viruses were born all over the world, after which human life became completely disorganized. Every person in the world has seen the outbreak of Covid in the last few years. This virus has taken birth again in a new form, named BA.2.86. In this sequence, another virus has entered the world, whose name is Zika virus. Know, what is Zika virus and how it is affecting mankind.
Know what is Zika virus
Zika virus is a mosquito-borne virus that was first identified in 1947 in the Zika Forest of Uganda. Although it remained relatively obscure for many years, it gained global attention in 2015 due to a significant outbreak in the US, particularly in Brazil. The outbreak was linked to an increase in babies born with microcephaly (developmental delay). If understood in general terms, microcephaly is a type of disorder in which the child does not develop properly during birth. When babies are normally born with small heads and underdeveloped brains. Please tell that the first case of Zika virus came out from Mumbai. After coming in contact with Zika virus, the person started feeling many other symptoms including fever, nasal congestion and cough.
How is it transmitted
Zika virus is transmitted to humans primarily through the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes, particularly Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. In addition to mosquito bites, Zika can also be spread through sexual contact, blood transfusions, and from an infected mother to her child during pregnancy or childbirth.
What are the symptoms
Many people infected with Zika virus do not experience any symptoms (asymptomatic) that they have been exposed to the virus. When a person comes in contact with this virus, he gets mild symptoms like fever, rash, joint pain, muscle pain, headache and red eyes etc. These symptoms usually appear 2 to 7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito and can last from several days to a week.
What are the complications
Explain that Zika virus infection is usually mild, but it can have serious consequences for pregnant women and their babies. If a woman is infected with this virus during pregnancy, the baby born may have microcephaly and neurological disorders. The virus has also been linked to Guillain-Barré syndrome, a rare autoimmune disorder that can cause muscle weakness and paralysis.
The best way to prevent Zika virus infection is to avoid mosquito bites. This includes using mosquito repellent creams, wearing long-sleeved clothing, and staying in air-conditioned or screened areas.
Pregnant women, or those planning to become pregnant, should avoid traveling to areas with frequent Zika transmission.
Sexual transmission of the virus can be prevented by practicing safe sex (using a condom).
Blood screening and testing have been implemented to reduce the risk of transmission through blood transfusions.
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Disclaimer: This news is based on general information. Before implementing these methods and suggestions, do consult the concerned expert.