Know All About Stroke: Stroke remains one of the second most deadly diseases worldwide, with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reporting that more than 795,000 people in the United States have a stroke each year. Yes, there are three main types of stroke. The first and most common ischemic stroke occurs in 87% of cases. It occurs when blood flow is blocked in an artery that supplies oxygen to the brain.
Another type of stroke is an ischemic attack, which is caused by a rupture of an artery in the brain. This damages the surrounding tissues. The third and final type of stroke is a transient ischemic attack, also known as a “ministroke”. It occurs when blood flow to the brain is temporarily blocked.
Let us tell you that stroke has become a very common as well as a fatal disease, wrong theories are often made about it. That is why to dispel the myths and improve your understanding on this subject, you must know the truth of some myths. In today’s article, we will give you some important information related to this: –
Myth 1: Stroke is a heart problem
Stroke is often associated with heart problems, let us tell you that stroke is definitely associated with cardiovascular risk factors, but stroke is a disease related to the brain. It has nothing to do with the heart. Let us tell you that stroke occurs due to blockage or breakage of arteries or veins in the brain. Some people associate stroke with heart attack, but the problem of heart attack is due to blockage of blood flow in the heart.
Myth 2: Stroke cannot be prevented
The second most popular myth around the world is that stroke cannot be prevented, but the important thing here is that the “most common risk factors” of stroke are high blood pressure, smoking, high cholesterol. These include obesity, diabetes, trauma to the head or neck, and cardiac arrhythmias.
Explain that the common factors of stroke are related to our everyday lifestyle, in which changes and improvements can be made. Risk factors like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity and diabetes can be reduced if we start exercising regularly and eating a healthy diet. Other factors include alcohol consumption and stress. Simply put, if we are successful in improving our lifestyle, then the chances of having a stroke automatically reduce.
Myth 3: Stroke is not genetic
The third most prevalent myth is that stroke is not genetic. But the fact is that single gene diseases increase the risk of stroke in a person. Genetic factors, including a higher risk for high blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors, may also indirectly increase the risk of stroke. As family members share an environment and lifestyle, unhealthy lifestyle factors are likely to increase the risk of stroke among family members.
Myth 4: It is difficult to recognize the symptoms of stroke
The most common symptom for stroke is “FAST”, let us know what is FAST:-
F: When one side of the face becomes numb and an uneven “smile” automatically occurs.
a: Arm weakness, when one arm becomes weak or numb, the arm slowly moves down.
s: Trouble speaking or indistinctness.
Tea: It’s time to seek medical help.
Other symptoms of stroke include:-
Numbness or weakness in the face, arm, leg, or part of the body.
Confusion and trouble speaking or understanding.
Difficulty seeing in one or both eyes.
Difficulty walking, including dizziness, loss of balance and coordination.
Very severe headache for no known reason.