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Thursday, January 26, 2023

Knowledge News : The Spark of the 1857 Revolution in Haryana

Dharmendra Kanwari, Rohtak. The first spark against the Company Raj in Haryana begins with the conquest of Gurgaon on May 11, 1857. People burned the government building of the British. The treasury was looted and the collector there escaped with great difficulty after saving his life. The rugged, hilly part of Gurgaon that stretches north to Delhi, south to Alwar and Bharatpur is called Mewat. Here Mewati is spoken, spoken and most Meo are Muslims, but at that time there was no difference in the dietary habits, living conditions, social and cultural life of the people here. There was neither bigotry among the Muslims nor among the Hindu farmers and artisans. The people of Mewat rose up in the month of May under the leadership of the Chaudharys.

A Meo farmer named Sadruddin led the rebel army, farmers and artisans. One by one all Thanas and Tehsils were taken over by Mewat. Cities like Pingua, Tabdu, Firozpur Jhirka, Sohna and Nuh etc. were captured after the attack.

During this period, khanzade (Muslim vassals) of the city of Nuh were very British. Sadruddin attacked Nuh, taking with him the fruits of the villages of Alwar and Nangli, and after several days of fighting won it, the princes fled. While Sadruddin liberated Mewat and took part in the administration of the area, the pro-British Rawat Jats near Hodal, the Rajputs of Hathin and the Pathans of Sewli were attacked and oppressed by their own caste and religious communities.


Mewat rebels had become so powerful that Major Aidan, resident of Kachwaha princely state of Jaipur, who came with 6000 soldiers and 7 guns to control Mewat, had to deal with several rebel villages between Tabdu and Sohna and set them on fire. Sohna could not be reached without being handed over. While he was attempting to quell the rebellion between Palwal and Hodal, the Rajput soldiers in his army led by Thakur Shivnath Singh mutinied and Aden was forced to flee back to Jaipur by the tail.

The pro-British Maharajah of Alwar also had to face the wrath of the villages of Firozpur Jhirka, Mhow and Doha when he quelled the rebellion and tried to help British Army Quarters Agra and he died in disgrace at the age of 50. Being unaware of the situation in Delhi even after Delhi was occupied by the English Army, the brave soldiers of Mewat fought for two months against the famous General Shawar of the English Army, raising the flag of freedom.

British collector Ford lost his life in the Battle of Raisina on October 13. After this, the British gained strength and the lands of many nearby villages were robbed and given to the British as a reward, many freedom fighters were hung from trees and hanged. Similar incidents occurred in Ghasa and the surrounding villages.

The Kumaon regiment and Tohana cavalry force under the British officers began the game of fire and gunpowder on November 8th. Outside of Ghaseda, 150 Meos were martyred to the end in a war of inequality.

At Muth, on the complaint of Khaira Khanzade, the British Army hanged 52 Meo Chaudharys of Nuh Adwar and Shahpur Nangli by hanging them from a banyan tree. Confiscated the lands of many villages, fined the people heavily and these lands were given to the Khanzads of Nuh as a reward.

In the third week of November, the English Army and allied Punjab Infantry, Tohana Horse, Kumaun Ghatalian burned many villages on the way to Roopdaka near Hathin. Standing crop ruined. Among them were many villages like Pachanka, Gohpur, Kot-Kutavad etc.

Outside of Rupdaka, despite a trained army, large artillery and ammunition power, 3500 Meo heroes have rid themselves of the imperialist army at least once. An English officer writes about this battle that we killed 350-400 men in this battle and with the help of our military command Pachanka Gohpur, Chilli, Roopdaka, Malpuri, Kot-Kutavad, Mithaka, Khaluka, Gudkasar and Jhoda were burned.

Martyrdom Day is celebrated in Roopdaka on November 19 to commemorate the sacrifice of these patriots. Despite vandalism from the English army and heavy guns, ammunition and military might, the heroes of Mewat did not give up. They organized themselves again and again under the leadership of Sadruddin and fought to the last breath to protect their country.

On November 27, the rebel patriots engaged in a fierce battle with the British army coming from Palwal and Gurgaon. Sadruddin’s son was killed in the battle. Sadruddin took position near the village of Mahu near Firozpur Jhirka. On November 28, another battle broke out with Captain Ramsey and the Gorkha regiment. 28 Meos were martyred in battle.

The Joint Assistant Commissioner of Gurgaon writes that 70 rebels were killed in this battle, their number was less, but the way they fought against us is a big surprise to me.

After the rebellion was suppressed, the villages of Shahpur, Bai, Khedla, Chinto Naharka Gurjar, Jungle, Baharipur Khedi etc. were destroyed to teach the Meos a lesson. Chingua’s nut bar was burned. Many villages around him were burned to ashes. Who took part in the freedom struggle along with Nambardar and Chaudhary Sadruddin. Your land has been confiscated.

The Chaudharys were hanged from an old tamarind tree in Ferozepur Jhirka. Khidli, Jalalpur, Devla. Sarawa. The lands of Ghagskhedo were torn away. The land of the village of Doha, which fought against the army of Maharaja Alwar, was also confiscated. No monument was erected in memory of these martyrs, nor were their stolen lands returned to their descendants. In many places where these heroes were hanged there are now bus stops and merchants’ shops have been built.

(Credits: Politics of Chowdhary)

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